Teachers' Grade II Certificate by Distance Learning System (TC II by DLS)
Due to the dearth of professionally qualified teachers in the Primary school system, the National Teachers’ Institute (NTI), Kaduna was directed by the Federal Government to introduce the Teachers Grade Two (TC.II) programme by Distance Learning System in order to upgrade the many under-qualified and unqualified serving Primary school teachers for all interested states. The programme, delivered through distance learning techniques, was essentially intended to improve on the quality of serving teachers at the primary school level.
Since the programme was designed to meet areas of need of the various states of the Federation, there are different entry qualifications for candidates but majority were either Referred Grade Two teachers or holders of the Senior Secondary School Certificate. The period of training therefore varied from 1 year to 3 years. The minimum number of contact hours for tutorials per academic session is 60 excluding those of self study by the students.
From 1999 to 2005, four hundred and sixty-nine thousand, two hundred and sixty-five (469,265) students sat Examination and four hundred and twenty-six thousand, six hundred and forty-two (426,642) passed.
The Federal Government has directed that with the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) being the minimum teaching qualification in the school system, the TC.II (DLS) should be discontinued after writing the 2006 June Examination. It is however, worth noting that even though a few states embraced the programme at inception, all states including the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja are involved now. Currently, seventy-one thousand, four hundred and fifty-four (71,454) students have enrolled in the programme in all the states of the Federation including the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.